The presence of molds inside an enclosure may greatly affect the air quality inside the enclosed space in the sense that molds, that are of airborne spore species, are a common allergen and may induce sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in severe reactions, asthma attack, to people who are likely allergic to molds. Most common molds thrive when there is conducive moisture present in their environment; therefore, when molds are found inside a building, this is a positive indication that there is a water leak somewhere inside that has not been found and remedied and, thus, one can feel some kind of dampness condition, as well as, a mold smell indicating its presence and growth inside the building. Molds exist to contribute to the natural habitat of decomposing dead matters, that is why they can pose a serious adverse effect inside a building environment, when they are found existing, as they are likely to decompose any wood, porous materials in the building, including drywalls and carpets.
The purposes of conducting a mold inspection are the following: testing for the presence of molds inside an establishment; when there is a positive presence, identifying the mold species; locating where the molds are growing inside the establishment; and, when remedial action has been done to remove the molds, a post-inspection is performed to assess if the molds have been completely eliminated.
Conducting a mold inspection follows these 5 important procedures: interviewing of building owner or caretaker; conducting an ocular inspection; taking samples; having the samples analysed; and reporting.
Common issues inquired through the interview by the mold inspector are on these topics: humidity inside the building, mold smell, any possible roof or plumbing leaks, or detected mold presence inside the building.
As soon as the mold inspector completes his interview with the homeowner or building caretaker and quickly studying the information he has gathered in the interview, he proceeds to the next step which is conducting an ocular inspection to pinpointed areas where there are likely presences of mold growth, using various tools to confirm the presence, such as a hydrometer to check on the humidity of the room, moisture meter to determine the presence of moisture, borescope to view wall sections, laser thermometer to evaluate the actual heat composition of the surface, and digital camera to record graphically the mold growth presence.
The mold inspector proceeds with the third step of taking air samples, outside and inside the building, using a special air collector device that has the design of specifically collecting airborne mold spores and which can, at the same time, provide conclusive results of the spore counts, giving the inspector an idea if the air quality inside the building is of health risk or not.
The mold inspector brings the air samples taken in the building to a professional analyst to determine the population of mold spores for every cubic meter of air sample and to also determine the kind of mold specie found in the building.
The final step is the written report of the inspector presenting photos of the mold growth, spore level and type and his conclusions and recommendations for the removal of the molds.